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Has your loved one fallen victim to stroke? | Therapy Article World

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Has your loved one fallen victim to stroke?

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Posted by: Krystal Kinney on 03/12/2012
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Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. More than 140,000 people die each year from stroke in the United States. A stroke is more commonly reported in the Southeast and nearly three-quarters of all strokes occur in people over the age of 65. The risk of having a stroke more than doubles each decade after the age of 55.

Types of strokes

There are two major types of strokes. Ischemic stroke will occur when a blood vessel becomes blocked. Blockage is usually caused when fat or cholesterol form causing a clot so blood cannot get to the brain, the brain then suffers from not receiving the necessary nutrients and oxygen causing an Ischemic stroke.  Ischemic strokes make up about 83 percent of all strokes, therefore making it the most common stroke.

Hemorrhagic Stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain busts or breaks, causing a bleed in the brain. Most hemorrhagic strokes are caused by high blood pressure; however, it may also be caused by an aneurysm (weakened portion of the blood vessel balloons out, raptures and causes bleeding in the brain). Another possible cause is AVM (arteriovenous malformation) a group of malformed blood vessels that can rupture, again, resulting in blood in the brain.

Another common stroke is a Transient Ischemic Attack, also known as TIA is a so called “pre-stoke” or “warning stroke”. A TIA does produce temporary symptoms that later subside, usually caused by a blood clot.

Risk factors for a stroke include:

  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Increasing age
  • Diabetes and
  • smoking

Awareness of stroke is important, signs and symptoms of a stroke include;

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg - especially on one side of the body.
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause.

 

If you suspect your loved one may be having a stroke, always remember to act FAST

            Face- Ask your loved one to smile. Does one side of his/her face droop?

            Arms- Have them lift their arms. Does one arm drift downward?

            Speech- Give them a simple phrase to repeat. Is their speech slurred or strange?

            Time- if you observe ANY of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately!

Treatment:

After a stroke, some sort of aftercare may be required to help prevent recurrence. Rehabilitation is an important part of stroke recovery, weather you are receiving outpatient or inpatient treatment. The rules of discharge from and inpatient facility require either a long-term caregiver or proof that the person can perform most daily activities on their own.  Another form of treatment, depending on the type of stroke and the amount of bleeding involved, medications can be used to help treat a stroke.

Important facts you MUST know about strokes

  • Every 45 seconds someone is America has a stroke
  • The window of opportunity for treatment of a stroke is short- about three hours.
  • Women are at a greater risk of suffering from a disability caused from a stroke.
  • For African-Americans between the ages of 20-44, the risk of a stroke is nearly two-and-a-half times higher than it is for Caucasians
  • There are over 4 million stroke survivors today
  • Approximately 266,000 Americans suffer from disabilities caused by a stroke
  •  Fewer than one in five Americans can identify even one stroke symptom
  • High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke.

Stroke is a very serious and sometime fatal condition.  The more time that passes without proper treatment, the more likely an unfavorable outcome. Get help today if you or a loved one has fallen victim to stoke.

 

 

www.everydayhealth.com www.medicinenet.com www.cdc.gov www.strokecenter.org

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